INSERT Statement

INSERT statements are used to add rows to a table.

Run an INSERT statement

INSERT statements are specified with the sqlUpdate() method of the TableEnvironment or executed in SQL CLI. The method sqlUpdate() for INSERT statements is a lazy execution, they will be executed only when TableEnvironment.execute(jobName) is invoked.

The following examples show how to run an INSERT statement in TableEnvironment and in SQL CLI.

EnvironmentSettings settings = EnvironmentSettings.newInstance()...
TableEnvironment tEnv = TableEnvironment.create(settings);

// register a source table named "Orders" and a sink table named "RubberOrders"
tEnv.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE Orders (`user` BIGINT, product VARCHAR, amount INT) WITH (...)");
tEnv.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE RubberOrders(product VARCHAR, amount INT) WITH (...)");

// run a SQL update query on the registered source table and emit the result to registered sink table
tEnv.sqlUpdate(
  "INSERT INTO RubberOrders SELECT product, amount FROM Orders WHERE product LIKE '%Rubber%'");
val settings = EnvironmentSettings.newInstance()...
val tEnv = TableEnvironment.create(settings)

// register a source table named "Orders" and a sink table named "RubberOrders"
tEnv.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE Orders (`user` BIGINT, product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...)")
tEnv.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE RubberOrders(product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...)")

// run a SQL update query on the registered source table and emit the result to registered sink table
tEnv.sqlUpdate(
  "INSERT INTO RubberOrders SELECT product, amount FROM Orders WHERE product LIKE '%Rubber%'")
settings = EnvironmentSettings.newInstance()...
table_env = TableEnvironment.create(settings)

# register a source table named "Orders" and a sink table named "RubberOrders"
table_env.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE Orders (`user` BIGINT, product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...)")
table_env.sqlUpdate("CREATE TABLE RubberOrders(product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...)")

# run a SQL update query on the registered source table and emit the result to registered sink table
table_env \
    .sqlUpdate("INSERT INTO RubberOrders SELECT product, amount FROM Orders WHERE product LIKE '%Rubber%'")
Flink SQL> CREATE TABLE Orders (`user` BIGINT, product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...);
[INFO] Table has been created.

Flink SQL> CREATE TABLE RubberOrders(product STRING, amount INT) WITH (...);

Flink SQL> SHOW TABLES;
Orders
RubberOrders

Flink SQL> INSERT INTO RubberOrders SELECT product, amount FROM Orders WHERE product LIKE '%Rubber%';
[INFO] Submitting SQL update statement to the cluster...
[INFO] Table update statement has been successfully submitted to the cluster:

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Insert from select queries

Query Results can be inserted into tables by using the insert clause.

Syntax

INSERT { INTO | OVERWRITE } [catalog_name.][db_name.]table_name [PARTITION part_spec] select_statement

part_spec:
  (part_col_name1=val1 [, part_col_name2=val2, ...])

OVERWRITE

INSERT OVERWRITE will overwrite any existing data in the table or partition. Otherwise, new data is appended.

PARTITION

PARTITION clause should contain static partition columns of this inserting.

Examples

-- Creates a partitioned table
CREATE TABLE country_page_view (user STRING, cnt INT, date STRING, country STRING)
PARTITIONED BY (date, country)
WITH (...)

-- Appends rows into the static partition (date='2019-8-30', country='China')
INSERT INTO country_page_view PARTITION (date='2019-8-30', country='China')
  SELECT user, cnt FROM page_view_source;

-- Appends rows into partition (date, country), where date is static partition with value '2019-8-30',
-- country is dynamic partition whose value is dynamic determined by each row.
INSERT INTO country_page_view PARTITION (date='2019-8-30')
  SELECT user, cnt, country FROM page_view_source;

-- Overwrites rows into static partition (date='2019-8-30', country='China')
INSERT OVERWRITE country_page_view PARTITION (date='2019-8-30', country='China')
  SELECT user, cnt FROM page_view_source;

-- Overwrites rows into partition (date, country), where date is static partition with value '2019-8-30',
-- country is dynamic partition whose value is dynamic determined by each row.
INSERT OVERWRITE country_page_view PARTITION (date='2019-8-30')
  SELECT user, cnt, country FROM page_view_source;

Insert values into tables

The INSERT…VALUES statement can be used to insert data into tables directly from SQL.

Syntax

INSERT { INTO | OVERWRITE } [catalog_name.][db_name.]table_name VALUES values_row [, values_row ...]

values_row:
    : (val1 [, val2, ...])

OVERWRITE

INSERT OVERWRITE will overwrite any existing data in the table. Otherwise, new data is appended.

Examples

CREATE TABLE students (name STRING, age INT, gpa DECIMAL(3, 2)) WITH (...);

INSERT INTO students
  VALUES ('fred flintstone', 35, 1.28), ('barney rubble', 32, 2.32);

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